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The thousands of vulnerable people disadvantaged by Facebook and Instagram are lost in Meta’s ‘average user’ data

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The thousands of vulnerable people disadvantaged by Facebook and Instagram are lost in Meta's 'average user' data

The fall of 2021 has been filled with a steady stream of media attention claiming that Meta’s social media platforms Facebook, WhatsApp and Instagram pose a threat to mental health of users and well-being, radicalize, polarize users and spreading misinformation.

Are these technologies – embraced by billions – kill people and erode democracy? Or is this just another moral panic?

According to Meta’s PR team and a handful contrarian academics and journalists, there are indications that social media does not cause harm and the overall picture is unclear. They cite seemingly conflicting studies, imperfect access to data, and the difficulty of establishing causality to support this view.

Some of these researchers surveyed social media users and concluded that social media use is at most minor negative consequences on individuals. These results do not seem consistent with years of journalistic reporting, Metas leaked internal data, common sense intuition and the lived experience of people.

Teens struggle with their self-esteem, and it doesn’t seem far-fetched to suggest that browsing Instagram could make that worse. Likewise, it’s hard to imagine so many people refusing to get vaccinated, becoming partisan or succumbing to conspiracy theories in the days before social media.

So who’s right? As a researcher who studies collective behavior“I see no conflict between the research (methodological bickering aside), leaks and people’s intuition. Social media can have catastrophic consequences, even if the average user experiences only minimal consequences.

The blind spot of averaging

To see how this works, take a look at a world where Instagram has a rich-get-richer and poor-get-poorer effect on users’ well-being. A majority, those who are already doing well, find that Instagram provides social affirmation and helps them stay in touch with friends. A minority, those who struggle with depression and loneliness, see these messages and feel worse.

If you put them together in a study, you may not see much change over time. This could explain why findings from surveys and panels can claim minimal impact on average. More generally, small groups in a larger sample have a hard time changing the mean.

But if we zoom in on the most at-risk people, many of them may have changed from occasionally sad to mildly depressed or from mildly depressed to dangerous. This is exactly what Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen reported in her congressional testimony: Instagram creates a downward spiral feedback loop among the most vulnerable teenagers.

A teen watches an Instagram post of a young woman applying makeup
Large-scale population studies may miss effects experienced by a subset of people; for example vulnerable teenage girls on Instagram.
AP Photo/Haven Daley

The inability of this type of research to capture the smaller but still significant numbers of people at risk – the tail of distribution – is compounded by the need to measure a range of human experiences in discrete steps. When people rate their well-being from a low of one to a high of five, “one” can mean anything from breaking up with a partner they didn’t like at all to urgently in need of crisis intervention to stay alive. These nuances are buried in the context of population averages.

A history of averaging damage

The tendency to ignore harm in the margins isn’t unique to mental health or even social media impacts. It’s a common mistake to let most of the experience obscure the fate of smaller groups, and I’d say these are often the people society should be most concerned about.

It can also be a pernicious tactic. Both tobacco companies and scientists once argued that premature death among some smokers was not a serious concern because most people who smoked a cigarette do not die from lung cancer.

Pharmaceutical companies have defended their aggressive marketing tactics by claiming that the vast majority of people treated with opioids get relief from pain without dying from an overdose. In doing so, they’ve traded the vulnerable for the average and steered the conversation toward benefits, often measured in a way that obscures the very real harm done to a minority — but still substantial — group of people.

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Lack of harm to many is not incompatible with serious harm to a few. With most of the world using some form of social media, I think it’s important to listen to the voices of concerned parents and struggling teens as they point to Instagram as a source of distress. Likewise, it is important to recognize that the COVID-19 pandemic has extended because: misinformation on social media has scared some people to take a safe and effective vaccine. These lived experiences are important pieces of evidence about the damage social media is doing.

Does Meta have the answer?

Determining causality from observational data is challenging, so challenging that progress on this front de 2021 Nobel in economics. And social scientists are not well positioned to conduct randomized controlled trials to definitively establish causality, especially for social media platform design choices, such as changing the way content is filtered and displayed.

But Meta does. The company has petabytes of human behavior data, many social scientists on its payroll, and the ability to run randomized control trials in parallel with millions of users. They conduct such experiments all the time to understand how best to… grab the attention of users, down to the color, shape, and size of each button.

Meta could come up with irrefutable and transparent evidence that their products are harmless, even to the vulnerable, if it exists. Did the company choose not to conduct such experiments or did it conduct them and decide not to share the results?

Regardless, Meta’s decision to release and highlight data on average effects instead is telling.

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Cold Saturday evening, Sunday there will be rain with higher temps

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Cold Saturday evening, Sunday there will be rain with higher temps

DETROIT – Welcome to Saturday night, Motown.

It will get colder on Saturday evening and colder on Saturday night with increasing clouds. Those gray skies will bring rain on Sunday afternoon. On Sunday, temperatures continue to rise even after the sun sets. After that, the beginning and middle of next week will be colder.

Saturday evening there is a radiant sky. It is getting colder with temperatures in the low and mid 30s.

Saturday night the clouds are slowly returning. Under increasing tall, thin clouds, it gets colder with nighttime lows in the 1920s.

It will be cloudy on Sunday with more precipitation. Higher temperatures are also caused by a warm front. So a short winter mix is ​​possible with temperatures around mid-morning freezing. Any frozen precipitation will dissipate, paving the way for rain on Sunday afternoon and evening. Temperatures rise through the 1930s and 40s to nearly 50 degrees when it is dark.

A cold front will arrive on Sunday night and Monday. As a result, temperatures for Monday and early next week will drop significantly.

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Monday will be variable sunny to mostly cloudy and colder. Morning temperatures will be around 20 degrees and afternoon temperatures will be around 40 degrees.

Scattered snow showers are possible Tuesday, with maximums around 30 degrees.

Chance of snow Wednesday morning. The afternoon will be chilly with maximums of mid to over 30s.

Don’t forget to download the FREE Local4Casters weather app — it’s easily one of the best in the nation. Just search your app store under WDIV and it’s available there for both iPhones and Androids! Or click on the appropriate link below:

Copyright 2021 by WDIV ClickOnDetroit – All rights reserved.

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UFC Fight Night Rob Font vs. Jose Aldo

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UFC Fight Night Rob Font vs.  Jose Aldo

Jose Aldo is already arguably the greatest featherweight fighter in MMA history. In the past two years, he has shifted his focus to the UFC Bantamweight title. Aldo takes on Rob Font at the main event of UFC Fight Night on Saturday in Las Vegas. The winner will position themselves next year for a title shot or a title eliminator in the 135-pound division.

ESPN ranks Font No. 5 and Aldo No. 6 in the world at bantamweight. The title photo is a bit messy. Aljamain Sterling is the champion and Petr Yan, the former champion, holds the interim title. Sterling vs. Yan is likely next as they try to unify the titles after Sterling took over the title from Yan by DQ following an illegal knee. But that fight has already been postponed once, due to Sterling’s injuries. The winner of Font vs. Aldo could be next after that fight, especially if former champion TJ Dillashaw is still recovering from knee surgery.

Font (19-4) has won four in a row – most recently a unanimous decision over former bantamweight champion Cody Garbrandt. Font, fighting from Massachusetts, hasn’t lost since 2018. Font, 34, holds a 9-3 UFC record and looks better than ever since returning from knee surgery last year.

Aldo (30-7) held the UFC/WEC featherweight title for parts of six years, including seven title defenses, a division record. The Brazilian went back to bantamweight in 2019. He lost his first two fights at 135, also in a title fight for the vacant title against Yan. But Aldo, 35, has taken two straight wins and looked good in wins against contenders Pedro Munhoz and Marlon Vera.

In the co-main event, Brad Riddell takes on Rafael Fiziev in a battle between two of the most exciting emerging lightweights on the UFC roster. Riddell (10-1), a 30-year-old from New Zealand, is 4-0 in his UFC career. Fiziev (10-1), a 28-year-old from Kazakhstan, has won four in a row.

Also on the card, the tough Clay Guida takes on the wily Leonardo Santos in a lightweight fight, light-heavyweight prospects Jimmy Crute and Jamahal Hill go up against prospect Brendan Allen veteran Chris Curtis, who is fresh off his first win. in the UFC.

Follow live how Brett Okamoto, Marc Raimondi and Jeff Wagenheim sum up the action or watch the fights on ESPN+.


Fight On-going: Strawweight: Cheyanne Vlismas (6-2, 1-1 UFC; -190) vs. Mallory Martin (7-4, 1-2 UFC; +160)

Light Heavyweight: Defeats William Knight (11-2, 3-1 UFC). Alonzo Menifield (11-3, 4-3 UFC) by unanimous decision

Knight’s coaches may want to invest in some of those blocks that officials at the cage use to signal that there are only 10 seconds left in a round. Because every time Knight heard that noise, he increased the aggression — and in two of the three rounds, he did damage. That was enough for him to win the unanimous decision over Menifield as all three judges made it 29-28 in Knight’s favour.

Knight, 33, of East Hartford, Connecticut, didn’t do much during the first 4½ minutes of the fight, but in the closing seconds of round 1 he seriously hurt Menifield. The Dallas fighter bounced back well in round 2, before getting caught late. And on the final lap, Menifield controlled a seemingly endless clinch against the cage before Knight finally got away, with just enough time for Knight to turn up the heat again and secure his second straight win.

Menifield, 34, saw a winning streak of two fights come to an end.

Lightweight: Defeats Claudio Puelles (12-2, 4-1 UFC). Chris Gruetzemacher (15-5, 3-4 UFC) by third round submission (knee bar)

Gruetzemacher has the wrestling instincts to dictate where a fight will take place, but he was constantly playing with fire by taking part in a wrestling match against Puelles – and it eventually caught up with Gruetzemacher. Puelles was locked in a knee bar with less than two minutes left in the fight, then was tapped at 3:25 of round 3.

Puelles, a 25-year-old Peruvian fighter training at Sanford MMA in South Florida, got the fight on the canvas early on and controlled the action. But Gruetzemacher did not hesitate to return to the mat in the second and third rounds. Although he escaped trouble a few times, Gruetzemacher eventually paid the price.

It was Puelles’ fourth win in a row. Gruetzemacher, 35, of Arizona, has dropped two of his last three bouts and four of six.

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Vince Morales stuns Louis Smolka with an incredible right hand early in their fight.

Men’s Bantamweight: Vince Morales (11-5, 3-3 UFC) Def. Louis Smolka (17-8, 8-8 UFC) by KO . in the first round

Morales found himself in a clinch midway through the first lap in Saturday’s opening night, and as he pulled away, that didn’t soften his attack. The 31-year-old from Oregon released a right hand from tight and sent Smolka crashing to the canvas.

The end came at 2:02 of the round, giving Morales his second win in a row.

Smolka, a 30-year-old Hawaiian fighter training out of Irvine, California, has lost two of his last three.


Is yet to come:

Men’s Bantamweight: Rob Font vs. Jose Aldo
Lightweight: Brad Riddell vs. Rafael Fizievi
Lightweight: Clay Guida vs. Leonardo Santos
Light Heavyweight: Jimmy Crute vs. Jamahal Hill
Middleweight: Brendan Allen vs. Chris Curtis
Welterweight: Alex Morono vs. Mickey Gallo
Welterweight: Bryan Barberena vs. Darian Weeks
Men’s Flyweight: Manel Kape vs. Zhalgas Zhumagulov
Middleweight: Maki Pitolo vs. Dusko Todorovic

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Assam Lottery Results Today 5:00 PM

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assam lottery

Assam is known for its tea plantations, rich wildlife and silk production. It is also famous for its lotteries. Lotteries are a great way for people to try their luck and win a huge amount of money. With the lottery buzz in the country increasing, people should be aware of the fact that there are various illegal lotteries online and offline. There was a time when lotteries were completely banned in India. Now, however, times have changed and the Supreme Court has authorized 13 states to hold legal lotteries. The state of Assam is one such state where drawing a lottery is legal.

Assam State Lottery Results for October 24 | Results ‘Singam Green Lottery’ announced at 5pm; 1st Prize at ₹10 Lakhs

The government of Assam controls the operating system. The 12 other states that organize legal lotteries are Goa, Maharashtra, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Sikkim, Nagaland and Mizoram. The Assam Lottery consists of three results that are published daily.

The results of the Assam Future Lottery will be announced at 12 noon.

The results of the Assam Singam Lottery will be announced at 5:00 PM.

The results of the Assam Kuil Lottery will be announced at 8 p.m.

The Assam Lottery will be held at PWD-IB Complex, Tengapara, Kokrajhar, Assam 783370. The results of the ‘Singam Green Lottery’ will be announced at 5:00 PM on the official website http://assamlotteries.com/. The first prize for the Singam Green Lottery is ₹10 lakhs. The ticket costs ₹10. Several other prizes and categories are as follows:

ASSAM SINGAM GREEN LOTTERY RESULTS – 5pm

1st Prize – ₹15 Lakhs (one person)

2nd Prize – ₹20,000 (ten people)

3rd Prize – 2,000 (ten people)

4th Prize – 1,000 (ten people)

5th Prize – ₹250 (ten people)

ASSAM FUTURE LOTTERY – 12 HOURS

1st Prize – ₹10 Lakhs (one person)

2nd Prize – 10,000 (ten people)

3rd Prize – 1,000 (ten people)

4th Prize – ₹500 (ten people)

5th Prize – ₹200 (ten people)

ASSAM PIT LOTTERY – 8pm

1st Prize – ₹10 Lakhs

2nd Prize – ₹10,000

3rd Prize – ₹1,000

4th Prize – ₹500

5th Prize – 200

The Assam Lottery is organized and regulated by the state recognized authority, ‘Bodoland Territorial Council (Assam)’. The ‘Claim Forms’ can be derived from the official website http://assamlotteries.com/. The information must be entered in capital letters. The winner may also be required to enclose a valid photo ID with this form. The forms must be submitted within 30 days of the declaration of results.

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