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Osaka court rules that reposting YouTube videos’ subtitles is copyright infringement

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Osaka court rules that reposting YouTube videos' subtitles is copyright infringement



The Osaka District Court building can be seen in the Kita district of Osaka in this file photo, taken Nov. 27, 2020. (Mainichi/Akira Hattori)

OSAKA — Unauthorized reposting of subtitles to a YouTube video is copyright infringement, an Osaka court has ruled after a man filed a lawsuit over the publication of subtitles for one of his videos on a blog.

The court ruled on Sept. 6 that “subtitles are linguistic copyrighted material.” Tokyo Bar Association attorney Jun Hasuike, representing the plaintiff, said a court ruling recognizing that copyright infringement on subtitles is rare is rare.

With the rapid increase in the number of people using YouTube, Hasuike warned: “If you carelessly repost subtitles without the creator’s permission, it could be recognized as an infringement and you could be asked to compensate them. is a problem with what you do.”

The man who filed the lawsuit runs a popular YouTube channel with more than 50,000 subscribers. He posts videos of little-known and touching animal stories with edited subtitles.

According to the ruling, in June 2020 the man posted a seven-minute video about a young lion being rescued by people in Africa. The video was edited by stitching together multiple images and inserting homemade captions that introduce the story, such as, “There’s a lion raised by humans.” The number of views reached about 10 million and the video attracted a lot of attention.

Under these circumstances, an anonymously managed blog shared the man’s video and reposted nearly all of the subtitles as an introductory text. YouTube’s terms of service state that the creators’ permission is not required when citing videos in certain ways, but the captioning rules aren’t clearly defined.

The plaintiff argued that “subtitles are copyrighted works that express the individuality of the creator”, and that if the content is introduced without permission, it will lead to “spoilers” that eliminate the need to watch the videos, leading to a decrease in the number of views, affecting his income.

In preparation for seeking damages from the blog’s administrator, the man filed a lawsuit in March 2021 asking the ISP to disclose personal information, such as the blog’s name and address. The service provider argued that “the subtitles are just simple expressions to help viewers understand, and cannot be recognized as copyrighted works.”

However, the Osaka court ruling acknowledged that, in editing the subtitles, the plaintiff “taken care in composition and quantity with the intent of arousing the interest of viewers,” and considered them to be copyrighted material that conveys the thoughts and feelings. expressed by the maker.

Presiding Judge Masaki Sugiura examined the content of the introductory text that had been reposted to the blog without the author’s permission. While it doesn’t fully match the subtitles, the text contains summaries and only minor changes, and Sugiura noted, “It essentially expresses the same content.” He acknowledged it as a reproduction of copyrighted material and thus copyright infringement, and ordered the service provider to release information about the blog’s operator.

(Japanese original by Yumi Shibamura, Osaka City News Department)

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Amazon has slashed prices to 45 percent on Oral-B electric toothbrushes — but only for Cyber ​​Monday

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Amazon has slashed prices to 45 percent on Oral-B electric toothbrushes — but only for Cyber ​​Monday

We may receive commission for purchases made through links on this page. Prices and availability are subject to change.

The question is, which toothbrush do you choose?  (Photo: Amazon)

The question is, which toothbrush do you choose? (Photo: Amazon)

Keeping your teeth sparkling clean isn’t a one-time thing – it requires routine maintenance and regular careful brushing. And while you can use a regular, old manual toothbrush, many people find it easier to do a thorough cleaning with an electric brush.

Of course, those powerful devices cost money. Just for Cyber ​​Monday, Amazon has slashed prices Top Rated Oral-B Electric Toothbrushes and electric brush heads up to 45 percent! This is finally your chance to get on the electric toothbrush train at a significant discount.

Note: You can get your hands on a new one Oral-B Powered Toothbrush in two days with Amazon Prime. No member? Register here for all the entertainment and shopping benefits Amazon offers. Member now? Buy a new toothbrush in no time and have cleaner, white teeth as soon as possible.

Don’t miss these offers.

Whiter teeth, straight ahead!  (Photo: Amazon)

Whiter teeth, straight ahead! (Photo: Amazon)

The little gadget is so smart it’s an insult to call it a toothbrush. The Oral-B 8000 Electronic Electric Toothbrush with Rechargeable Battery is more like having a robot dentist living on your counter, except it’s not as scary as it sounds.

The device takes it upon itself to target the most important areas of your mouth, while tracking and correcting your brushing habits (for example, letting you know when you’re brushing too hard). It also sends real-time feedback to an app.

The replaceable brush heads oscillate, rotate and pulse in one of six personalized settings to remove up to 500 percent more plaque than a regular toothbrush – it even has pressure sensors that automatically slow down brushing speed and visually warn you to protect gums from over-brushing. Choose from four different colors: white, black, orchid, and rose gold. They are so beautiful that you can even use them as a Christmas present for your SO

“After years of using a Sonicare, I am more than thrilled to have switched to the Oral B 8000 with round brush heads,” a satisfied customer said. “This electric toothbrush system is so superior I can see and feel a significant difference. The round brush reaches all areas, so much easier to clean the back teeth and behind my lower lower teeth. I don’t feel any plaque anymore and teeth are definitely whiter The oscillation system is a significant improvement over sonic. My teeth feel like I’ve left the dental hygienist every day and this brush system and Crest 3D white make them look whiter.”

$95 $180 at Amazon

This toothbrush does almost everything.  (Photo: Amazon)

This toothbrush does almost everything. (Photo: Amazon)

Do you really want to splash on an electric toothbrush? The Oral-B iO Seriess 8 lis basically the Cadillac of electric toothbrushes, and does everything except brushing for you. This brush offers specialized pressure sensing that signals red when you’re brushing too hard and green when things are just right. It features a screen to motivate you while you brush and customize your brushing experience. A dentist-inspired round brush with twisted bristles reaches all parts of your mouth, while live coaching helps you clean just right. Choose a black, Violet or white theme — they’re all discounted!

“I can’t describe how [much] daily brushing improves this brush. Always clean and easy to operate. Worth the money,” a satisfied customer said.

$175 $280 at Amazon

The reviews quoted above reflect the most recent versions at the time of publication.

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Early this week, weather conditions will ease with milder temperatures forecast

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Early this week, weather conditions will ease with milder temperatures forecast

After a frigid, heady weekend, weather conditions across the country appear to ease from Monday.

Far from the storms and sleet that have swept the country in recent days, Met Éireann said temperatures should drop between 8 and 11 degrees, in line with the seasonal norm.

While there will be a somewhat cloudy morning interspersed with light rain, the start of the week will also give way to dry conditions and even some sunshine in parts, particularly in the south. The rain will later be limited to the west and northwest of the country.

“Tonight will be a milder night than recent times with cloudy or foggy conditions,” forecasters said of a welcome break in recent patterns.

Rain and drizzle will once again haunt Atlantic coastal areas Monday evening, but temperatures remain non-threatening, hovering between seven and nine degrees.

Relative calm will last until Tuesday, framed by mostly dry weather under cloudy, dull skies. With Éireann, however, some heavy rain is forecast in the west and northwest by midday, which will spread to the southeast in the afternoon.

Wednesday will probably be a bit more wintery. Showers coming from the north may turn into sleet, although winds will remain moderate. A cold night, frost will begin to form during long, clear spells and temperatures may drop below freezing again, although not as cold along the west coast.

But for anyone who thinks the country will get better conditions next weekend, there is no hope. On Friday there will be scattered showers, alternating with sunny periods.

It looks like it will turn chilly Friday afternoon and, according to forecasters, current indications show the weekend will “continue restlessly in a rainy north-westerly airflow, feeling quite chilly or chilly”.

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Edmonton business group calls for help for struggling Whyte Avenue retailers, restaurants

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Edmonton business group calls for help for struggling Whyte Avenue retailers, restaurants

Gayle Martin, owner of The Wish List Gifts in Edmonton, AB. can be seen behind the counter of her store on November 26.The globe and mail

At The Wish List Gifts store in Edmonton’s historic Old Strathcona neighborhood, Gayle Martin is surrounded by new mugs, kitschy art, and other odd trinkets. But one thing is missing: customers.

Ms Martin’s business has always relied heavily on foot traffic, but the COVID-19 pandemic has pushed many customers to stay at home for most of the past 20 months and prevented them from visiting the area.

“We lost our Christmas because they closed the restaurants and we rely a lot on restaurant traffic here in the evenings,” said Ms Martin.

Her company has received a rent reduction from the federal government and tax refunds from the City of Edmonton, allowing her to keep its doors open. But even with most of the public health restrictions now lifted in Alberta, things remain sluggish.

Ms Martin’s struggle is not unique as the pandemic kept people at home and shifted more of their groceries and food to online stores and delivery services, drying up foot traffic along the normally busy Whyte Avenue in Old Strathcona. This left many local businesses unprepared for the sudden change, forcing 39 of them to either close their doors or relocate in 2020, according to the Old Strathcona Business Association, or OSBA.

It’s a problem the business association and municipal government are trying to solve as retailers and hospitality businesses recover, in part by enticing more local businesses to fill empty storefronts and improve critical infrastructure in Old Strathcona.

“Now more than ever, we need to focus on shopping locally and keeping the money in the local economy,” said Michael Janz, the city councilor whose ward includes Old Strathcona.

The OSBA recently launched a marketing campaign to attract new local and independent businesses to the area. In its recruiting package, it cites research data showing that 57 percent of city residents identified the area as their most favorite shopping area.

“We haven’t done this before, so this is a whole new kind of space for us on our initiative side,” said Cherie Klassen, OSBA executive director.

Ms Klassen said the association’s surveys showed that local respondents wanted more local and independent businesses in the area. The OSBA explains that focusing on those types of businesses, rather than chains, will keep more money in the local community.

The campaign is part of the association’s drive to look beyond the pandemic and toward a longer-term recovery. The group launched an economic recovery task force last year to help its members overcome the pandemic with help from municipal grants. It conducted surveys to assess the economic impact of the pandemic on the area and to develop a recovery strategy. It was transformed into a corporate recruiting committee in 2021 to drive the new strategy forward.

Last year, the OSBA and the city teamed up to offer business fee waivers, free patio permits, consultations, and online support and grants.

While the OSBA recorded 39 closed businesses in 2020, it also counted the same number of new businesses opened, leaving vacancy levels flat. During 2020 to October 2021, the OSBA recorded a total of 73 new businesses opening in the area while 62 were either closed or relocated, resulting in a positive profit of 11 new businesses.

Mr Janz, the councilor, said he is working on a series of proposals to improve the area and address remaining challenges. One of the biggest concerns he’s heard about is the lack of walkable spaces in the area. One of his proposals is to extend the sidewalk of the avenue and create more walkways that are both safe and accessible to all.

“If you go there during the certain peak times, they go [be] packed,” he said. “It would be nice if we could spread that.”

Jeff Nachtigall, co-owner of Sugared and Spiced Baked Goods Inc., said that while his store is still making money, it is struggling to pay off debt — which has been made more difficult by the pandemic.

“We can still go ahead, but we are unable to pay off the debt we took on to build the store,” he said.

He also wants the recently elected city council to be open to new and creative ideas that will enhance the city’s new Back Street project, which aims to repurpose alleyways for businesses and create vibrant spaces for people to gather. Mr Nachtigall said the alleyways program will create more walkable spaces for pedestrians.

“With our new council, I’m pretty optimistic because we’ve picked some good councilors who I think see things a certain way, finally,” he said.

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