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Climate change is now the leading cause of wildfires

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Climate change is now the leading cause of wildfires

In a finding that scientists thought was decades away from becoming a reality, California researchers say climate change is now the overwhelming cause of conditions driving extreme wildfire behavior in the western United States.

When world leaders met in Scotland this week to discuss plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, a study released Monday said global warming was essentially two-thirds to 88% responsible for the atmospheric conditions that fuel the increasingly destructive wildfires. fueled.

And that’s a conservative estimate, said study author Rong Fu, a climate researcher at UCLA.

“It happened so much faster than we expected before,” she added.

The study, published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, looks at what’s known as the vapor pressure deficit, which basically describes how thirsty the atmosphere is, Fu said.

The researchers found that this is the most important meteorological variable that determines how much land in the western US is burned during a given burning season. The higher the deficiency, the more moisture the atmosphere takes from the soil and plants, preparing the landscape to burn.

Previous studies have shown that the atmosphere in the western US has become thirstier over the past 40 years. Experts have theorized that this is due to natural fluctuations in weather and because carbon dioxide emissions have allowed the planet to warm and warmer air to hold more moisture.

This team of researchers, including scientists from UCLA and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, tried to explain exactly how much of each of those factors caused the increase. They used a machine learning approach to compare recent vapor pressure deficit readings with those in the past during similar weather patterns.

“Before 2000, we can pretty much explain this firefighting just using the weather patterns,” Fu said. “But now we can only explain 30% of what we see with the firefighting.”

After excluding other influences, such as changes in vegetation and cloud cover, the researchers concluded that the remaining 70% is due to greenhouse gases warming the planet, she said, a figure that could be as high as 88% according to some climate modeling.

The findings have important implications for firefighting. If natural weather cycles caused the fire hazard to increase, it could decrease again at some point. But the planet is expected to continue to warm, meaning the risk is likely only going to increase, Fu said.

“This new research, combined with what we have known before, means we can be confident that ongoing global warming will continue to intensify the conditions that are creating this record- or near-record fuel drought in the landscape,” said Noah. Diffenbaugh. , a climate scientist at Stanford University who was not involved in the study. “And we know from recent years what that means for our fire preparation and response system. It means a higher risk of more severe fire conditions, simultaneously, in several parts of the region.”

That’s consistent with what fire officials have seen on the ground, said Jon Heggie, a battalion chief with the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

“We’re looking at temperatures and fire indices and days when we have a high fire risk,” he said. “And they’ve definitely increased — there’s no denying that.”

Over the past seven years, vegetation has become more combustible as summers have become longer, hotter and drier, resulting in busier, more dangerous fire seasons characterized by larger, more intense and faster-moving fires, Heggie said. It’s no longer uncommon for a fire to burn 20,000 acres in one day, a feat that in the past would normally have lasted two weeks, he said.

“What was previously unprecedented is now normal,” he said. “And we see it wasn’t a one-off for a few years. It happens every year.”

In this changed environment, fire services had to switch to new ways to fight and prevent fires. They include everything from adopting new technologies such as drones and night-flying helicopters to doubling efforts to focus on fuel management and community outreach and education.

“We are at the dawn of this new era of firefighting and we are still looking for opportunities to address this growing problem,” Heggie said.

Wildfires have burned nearly 2.5 million acres in California this year, suffocating the region with poor air quality that has sometimes reached the entire continent. This year’s total is second to last year when more than 4.1 million hectares were burned.

Nearly a quarter of that area was scorched by the fire of the Augustus Complex, which was caused by a dry lightning siege on August 16, 2020, and later became the largest fire in the state’s history. The vapor pressure deficit over much of the western US that day was the highest recorded in 40 years, Fu said.

When researchers compared that to similar past weather patterns, they could explain only about 60% of the above-normal reading, she said.

Conditions were equally extreme during last year’s Creek fire, which burned in the Sierra National Forest, and researchers were only able to explain about 40% of the deviation from normal, Fu said.

“So if we look at the weather pattern that occurred in those days, we can only explain about half of the above-normal vapor pressure deficit value,” she said. They attribute the other half to climate change, she added.

The researchers’ estimate of the effects of climate change is conservative because they failed to account for its role in shifting weather patterns themselves, Fu said. For example, some research has suggested that global warming changes the strength and frequency of certain high-pressure ridging patterns that result in critical firefighting, but these researchers assumed that all changes in weather patterns were natural, she said.

They also found that the effects of climate change are occurring faster than some had predicted. The researchers initially expected that human-caused warming would not surpass natural climate variability in causing fires until later in the 21st century, for example, after 2080, Fu said.

“But now, even in the first 20 years of the 21st century, we see that greenhouse gas firefighting has already surpassed natural variability,” she said. “This is a lot faster than we expected, at least in the western US for fire.”

While other researchers said this wasn’t much different from their earlier projections, they agreed that the effects of climate change are accelerating faster than society can handle.

“What’s very clear is that the gap between what’s happening and what we’re prepared for is much wider than the gap between what’s happening and what was predicted,” Diffenbaugh said.

California has been front and center in this rapid shift. This year, the state reported its hottest summer on record, its driest water year in nearly a century, and its second-largest wildfire: the Dixie Fire, which scorched more than 960,000 acres in Northern California.

“We’ve certainly seen some really record-breaking extreme events in recent years,” said Deepti Singh, an assistant professor in Washington State University’s School of the Environment, who was not involved in the study. “And while they are surprising when they do occur, they are fairly consistent with our knowledge and understanding of how the climate responds to elevated greenhouse gases.”

Still, she said the knowledge provided by the study is powerful because it indicates that human activities play a key role in determining future fire risk, and that the risk could one day be reduced if the world changes orbits to rely less on fossil fuels. to be trusted.

“The fire risk in this region will be proportional to the extent to which the earth warms,” ​​she said. “And how much the Earth warms depends on how society decides to make progress on emissions.”

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wisely reveals new ways for restaurants to use data to

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wisely reveals new ways for restaurants to use data to

ANN ARBOR, Michigan, Nov. 29, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — sensible, a leading customer intelligence and engagement platform for restaurants, today announced several new features to be showcased at the Customer Intelligence Summit, powered by olo, on Wednesday, December 1, 2021 at 1:00 PM Eastern Time.

Following the recently announced acquisition of Wisely by Olo, Noah Glass, founder and CEO of Olo, and Mike Vichich, VP and GM of Customer Engagement products at Olo, will jointly unveil the latest Wisely product features built to enable restaurants use data to grow their business and deepen guest relationships.

Mr. Vichich will then host a panel discussion with Tana Davila, Chief Marketing Officer at PF Chang’s, and Matt Eisenacher, SVP Brand Strategy and Innovation at First Watch, about maximizing customer lifelong value with customer intelligence.

The 60-minute virtual release event introduces a number of new ways to personalize guest communication, deliver a meaningful dining experience, and keep team members informed. The following features are available, currently within the Wisely platform, for immediate use from December 1st:

  • Email Builder: Set up automated marketing emails in minutes
  • Supercharged segmentation: Segment guests with new Smart Properties such as predicted CLV and churn risk
  • Extensive library of webhooks: Take action after a guest submits a survey to show appreciation for feedback
  • Add a gift: Let others easily share a gift with guests (e.g. bottle of wine) during their dining experience
  • Flexible booking policy: Limit no-shows and last-minute cancellations by configuring selected reservations as subject to cancellation fees, with the flexibility to waive fees
  • Shift Notes: Streamline communication between team members so that the nuances of each shift are passed on

“Being a customer-centric brand means you’re in control of your customer data,” said Mr. Vichich. “Our new features make it easier than ever for restaurant brands to collect, analyze and act on their data – ultimately delivering an exceptional guest experience.”

“Along with Olo’s on-demand commerce platform, we’re proud to give restaurants the tools they need to maximize customer lifetime value and accelerate their digital transformation,” said Mr Glass. “We look forward to sharing our latest innovations and celebrating the unification of our two companies.”

To register for the Customer Intelligence Summit, go to: https://www.getwisely.com/summit.

About Wise
Wisely is a leading customer information platform for restaurants and was ranked number 300 on the 2021 Inc 5000 list. Brands such as Chuy’s, First Watch, Fat Brands Inc. QSR Division, PF Chang’s and hundreds of others wisely empower to personalize the guest experience to maximize customer lifetime value and build a profitable future with data. Wisely’s best-in-class software solutions include the first-ever CDP built specifically for restaurants, an all-in-one CRM with marketing automation, waitlist, reservations, table and order management, and guest sentiment. Say goodbye to transactions and hello to customers with Wisely. Visit getwisely.com.

About Olo
Olo is a leading on-demand commerce platform driving the digital transformation of the restaurant industry. Millions of orders per day run on Olo’s enterprise SaaS engine, enabling brands to maximize the convergence of digital and physical operations. The Olo platform provides the infrastructure to capture demand and manage consumer orders from any channel. With integrations with more than 100 technology partners, Olo customers can build digital experiences with the largest and most flexible restaurant commerce ecosystem on the market. More than 500 restaurant brands use Olo to grow digital sales, maximize profitability and maintain direct consumer relationships. More information on olo.com.

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HP bypolls result won’t affect 2022 election polls: Jai Ram

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elections, bypolls, BJP

The Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh, Jai Ram Thakur, said on Monday that the results of recently closed polls will not affect the 2022 parliamentary elections and that the BJP will re-form in the state in a general election.

Speaking at a public meeting in Dharampur in Mandi district, Thakur said the results of the bypolls have given some time to rejoice before the congress, but they will not affect the 2022 election polls as the results will be different. and the BJP would once again form a government in HP .

“Today, the nation is safe in the hands of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and gives an appropriate response to all the adversities of the neighboring countries.

The repeal of Article 370, the construction of Lord Rama Temple in Ayodhya is possible thanks to Prime Minister Modi’s strong leadership and political will,” he added.

He stated that the current state government ensures that every section of society and every area benefits from the BJP government’s welfare and development plans. The people of the Dharampur area were fortunate to have a dynamic and committed leadership that represents them in the state of Vidhan Sabha.

It was a historic day for the people of the Dharampur Vidhan Sabha area as a record 96 development projects worth Rs 381 crore were dedicated to the people of the area, the CM said.

Thakur further stated that the Coronavirus pandemic has severely devastated the global economy and Himachal Pradesh was no exception. But timely decisions of the central leadership and the state government combined with active cooperation of the people, the country and the state gradually got out of this situation.

But even during the pandemic, he had laid the foundation stone for development projects worth Rs 4,500 crore in about 42 Vidhan Sabha areas of the state.

“Congress leaders did nothing in this crisis and even tried to politicize this sensitive issue. It is a pity that, despite having been in power for about 50 years, the congressional leaders never thought of such welfare arrangements and the party leaders were busy with their own development,” he said, reminding congressional leaders that there were only 50 ventilators were in the state. as the pandemic spread, while HP has more than 1,000 fans today.

The CM added that Jal Jeevan Mission has proved to be a boon to the people as the state has committed to provide every household with a fully functional water tap by the middle of next year.

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Win Win W-644 results to be announced today at 3pm; first prize Rs 75 lakh

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Kerala Nirmal NR 249 Lottery Result 2021 Today: State to announce results today; first prize at Rs 70 lakh

People who win less than Rs 5,000 can claim their prize money at any lottery shop while those who win more than Rs 5,000 have to approach the lottery office

Kerala Lottery 2021: Win Win W-644 results to be announced today at 3pm;  first prize Rs 75 lakh

Representative image. AFP.

The Kerala Lottery Department is all set to release the Win Win W-644 lottery results today, November 29. The Win Win results will be announced at 3:00 PM for those interested to check the Kerala lottery results on the official website at keralalotteries.com.

The Win Win W-644 draw will take place in Kerala’s capital, Thiruvananthapuram, in Gorky Bhavan near Bakery Junction. The winner of the the first prize will take home Rs 75 lakh, while for the second prize, the winner will receive Rs 5 lakh. Likewise, for the third prize, the winner will get Rs 1 lakh. There is also a consolation prize of Rs 8,000, according to news reports, for certain lucky winners.

The Win Win W-644 drawing will take place under the direction and supervision of professional judges. Once the Win Win W-644 results are announced, the cardholders are required to verify the winning numbers with the results published in the Kerala Government Gazette. According to news reports, a single ticket of the Win Win W-644 will cost Rs 30.

This is how you claim the winning amount:

Entrants who win any amount in the Win Win W-644 lottery must surrender their winning tickets within 30 days. Also, the process of document verification by award winners must be completed within 30 days of the Win Win W-644 Result Statement. Failure to do so will result in no claiming the winning prize money.

Winners who get an amount of less than Rs 5,000 can claim their prize money at any lottery shop in Kerala. While people who win prize amount of more than Rs 5,000 are required to participate in a verification process at the lottery office. To claim the winning amount, people will need to present a valid ID, along with their winning ticket.

The Kerala State Lottery Department was established in 1967 by the Government of Kerala. It is the first of its kind in India and hosts weekly raffles and six bumper raffles.

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