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Canadian study shows extreme wildfires are increasing around the world

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Canadian study shows extreme wildfires are increasing around the world

New research suggests that the risk of extreme wildfires is increasing around the world, with some of the biggest increases in Western Canada.

The research, conducted by Natural Resources Canada and published Thursday in the journal Nature, says rising temperatures and falling humidity are the biggest drivers of change.

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“Our predictions for the future show the same trends,” said lead author Piyush Jain. “We can expect that the fire service will become more extreme.

“Future fires will burn longer and more intensely.”

Previous research has shown that fire seasons are getting longer, with a corresponding increase in the amount of burned forest. Jain and his colleagues wanted to see how extreme fire risk changed with it.

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They used a tool called the Fire Weather Index, a numerical rating that uses temperature and precipitation information to assess the danger of an uncontrollable wildfire.

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62% of Alberta’s wildfires were human-caused by 2021

In Alberta, a fire service index of 19 is considered very high. A fire ignited under such conditions will likely be faster than the efforts to put it out.

In the years 1979 to 2020, that index for the interior of British Columbia climbed between 10 and 20 points. Globally, the index has risen by an average of 14 percent.


Click to play video: 'First Fire, Now Floods: People of Merritt, BC Back on the Move After City Floods'







First fire, now flooding: Merritt, BC people on the move again after town floods


First fire, now flooding: People of Merritt, BC on the move again after town floods – November 16, 2021

Last summer, a stretch of very hot, dry weather pushed the fire hazard in BC into uncharted territory — what fire officials called “extremely extreme.” Shortly afterwards, the village of Lytton was swept away when a fire ignited.

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“Extreme fire weather has increased over large areas of the Earth,” Jain said. “There are certain areas where there are bigger trends, like western North America.”

The researchers found a strong correlation between extreme firefighting, temperature and humidity, which affects how dry forest fuels are.

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“Most trends were explained by just those two trends,” Jain said. “It’s really just the fact that we have warm-up and drying events.”

He said those trends are in line with climate model predictions, all of which suggest the future will be hotter and drier.

“It just confirms that climate change is increasing firefighting.”

Jain warns that fires are also affected by other factors, such as land use.

Studying extreme fire weather events draws attention to wildfires that do the most damage, Jain said. In Alberta, 97 percent of wildfire damage is caused by three percent of fires.


Click to play video: 'COP 26: Why BC should pay attention to climate summit'







COP 26: Why BC should pay attention to climate summit


COP 26: Why BC should pay attention to climate summit – November 2, 2021

Understanding where fire risk has increased most can help fire officials plan for future fires, Jain said.

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“It’s helpful to know which areas are most affected by this increase in firefighting.”

© 2021 The Canadian Press

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MSI Optix MAG272CQR monitor £140 off at Amazon for Cyber ​​Monday 2021

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MSI Optix MAG272CQR monitor £140 off at Amazon for Cyber ​​Monday 2021

Black Friday may be — technically — over, but PC hardware sellers are still keeping a lot of prices low for Cyber ​​Monday. Some hefty deals are also lurking, such as this huge savings on the MSI Optix MAG272CQR gaming monitor.

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Northern Ireland weather forecast for the next week

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Northern Ireland weather forecast for the next week

After the stormy weekend, there can be no doubt that winter is coming.

Storm Arwen swept across the UK with devastating effects, including the death of a primary school principal after a tree fell on his car in County Antrim.

While Northern Ireland has managed to escape much of the snow that has covered other parts of the UK, many are hoping for a calmer week this week.

But luckily there are higher temperatures and a calmer week ahead.

The Met Office says:

Today, Monday 29 November, will be a cloudy and dull day with occasional light rain and drizzle, the best of any drier spell through Fermanagh. Milder than lately and sometimes refreshing winds. Maximum temperature 10C.

Tonight it will be cloudy with clear spells of rain and drizzle. Much of this will be light and patchy with some drier periods. A mild and frost-free night. Windy. Minimum temperature 7C.

Tomorrow, Tuesday 30 November, it will be cloudy with occasional rain showers, heavy and persistent. In the evening drier and clearer with occasional showers. Windy. Maximum temperature 10C.

Beginning of December towards the end of the week it will be clear and windy with showers on Wednesday becoming wintery.

Mostly clear and fresh on Thursday, but later rain and sleet. Friday clear with showers.

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Face masks will be required by law in hairdressers – but not in pubs or restaurants

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Face masks will be required by law in hairdressers - but not in pubs or restaurants

More details are emerging about England’s new Covid Plan B rules to fight the Omicron variant of the virus – with banks, post offices, shops, public transport and hairdressers all having mandatory face coverings from Tuesday

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Edward Argar says masks in pubs are ‘not required by law’

Face masks will be required by law from tomorrow in UK hairdressers, banks and post offices, but not in pubs or restaurants.

Overnight, more details have emerged about the mask mandate to fight the Omicron Covid variant – with violators expected to be fined £200.

Under the previous fine rules, repeat offenders saw their fines double each time – up to a maximum of £6,400.

Boris Johnson announced on Saturday that face coverings will be mandatory again in shops and on public transport.

Last night, Downing Street confirmed that the list of locations – to be published in full later in the day – would also include hairdressers, banks and post offices. Exemptions include medical reasons and children.

But with Health Minister Sajid Javid making a statement to Parliament at 3:30 p.m. today, ministers had to defend the decision not to enforce face coverings in pubs or restaurants, even crowded cafes.







Mouth caps are mandatory in shops and in public transport
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NurPhoto via Getty Images)

Health Minister Edward Argar said people standing at the bar are often only there for a short time, then “on the way back to their table, where they sit down, have a drink.”

Mr Argar insisted: “It’s about striking a balance,” he added: “It’s the nature of the venue. In a pub you drink. You can’t do that when you’re wearing a mask.”

However, government guidelines advise people to wear masks in crowded indoor areas and do a lateral flow test before interacting with other people. Mr Argar said: “We don’t mandate it by law, but people will make their own judgment.”

Restrictions are being tightened this week after three cases of the Omicron variant were found in England and six in Scotland.

Mr Argar told Sky News: “I will be honest with you and your viewers, I would expect this to rise.







A woman has her hair styled at a hairdresser earlier this year (file photo)
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“We don’t know at what speed or at what numbers, so that’s why we’re trying to slow it down, but obviously we can’t stop it.”

But Argar also claimed he was “looking forward to a Christmas party with family and friends”.

Asked if the government might tighten the rules even further over the next three weeks, Mr Argar said: “It’s not something I’m looking forward to.”

Teachers and students in grades 7 and above are now “strongly advised” to wear masks in common areas outside classrooms in England.

Ten countries have been added to England’s red list, forcing all arrivals to be in hotel quarantine. They are Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Starting at 4am tomorrow, all travelers to the UK will be required to take a paid PCR test on or before day two after their arrival and isolate until the result is negative.

Meanwhile, Covid booster shots appear to be expanding to all over 18s in the UK, now from over 40s. And the minimum six-month gap between the second and third dose could be narrowed.

Health Minister Edward Argar said he hadn’t seen any formal advice from the JCVI yet, but “hopefully it will come later today.” He added: “We expect that within the next few hours.”

All contacts of suspected Omicron cases will also need to self-isolate for 10 days whether or not they have been fully vaccinated.

Deputy Labor leader Angela Rayner pushed for action against £96.35 a week statutory sick pay, which has still not received a raise despite the end of the leave scheme.

She told BBC Breakfast: “If people need to self-isolate or get sick, they need to get sick pay, it’s one of the most crucial things we can do to make sure everyone can do the right thing and protect people from these new ones. variant.

“The booster shot should be given as soon as possible, we said five months, hopefully that happens now, and there should be ventilation in schools.

“People should wear masks, including the Prime Minister when he visits public areas indoors.”

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